Using Ballistocardiography to Evaluate Cardiac Performance in Trained Male Ice Hockey Players

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dc.contributor.advisor Neary, J. Patrick Vogt, Emelie Sara Maria 2012-08-30T15:15:41Z 2012-08-30T15:15:41Z 2011-11
dc.description A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Kinesiology & Health Studies, University of Regina. xiii, 104 p. en_US
dc.description.abstract During exercise the demand on the heart increases considerably. Evidence suggests that long-term exercise training causes adaptations to the heart that are not present in the sedentary, and is commonly referred to as athlete’s heart. It is not unusual for the cardiac adaptations to mimic certain pathological conditions. Therefore, being able to differentiate the athletic heart from the pathological heart has important implications for trained athletes. The presence of cardiovascular disease permits disqualification from competition or cessation of training to prevent progression of the disease or sudden cardiac death. Commonly used diagnostic tools to evaluate cardiac performance (e.g., echocardiography) can be time consuming and costly, especially for mass screening of athletes. Ballistocardiography (BCG) is a non-invasive technology that has been used to record ultra-low frequency vibrations of the heart allowing for the measurement of important cardiac cycle events including timing and amplitudes of contraction. Recent developments in BCG have made this technology simple to use, as well as time- and costefficient in comparison to other more complicated and invasive techniques used to evaluate cardiac performance. Therefore, the following studies in this thesis project have attempted to (a) demonstrate the utility of using BCG as a screening device, and (b) determine any differences occurring in the athletic heart. The timing and amplitude of cardiac events in trained ice hockey players as well as a recreationally active control group were evaluated and compared using independent sample t-tests. Results found in the following studies demonstrated the utility of using simple, non-invasive BCG to measure cardiac performance, particularly for mass screening. As well, significant differences in cardiac performance were found between trained participants and the control group, thus allowing for the conclusion that regular exercise training leads to physiological changes of the heart. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research, University of Regina en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Ballistocardiography
dc.subject.lcsh Hockey players--Health and hygiene
dc.subject.lcsh Hockey--Physiological aspects
dc.subject.lcsh Heart--Physiology
dc.subject.lcsh Heart--Diseases--Diagnosis
dc.title Using Ballistocardiography to Evaluate Cardiac Performance in Trained Male Ice Hockey Players en_US
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.authorstatus Student en
dc.description.peerreview yes en Master of Science (MSc) en_US Master's en Kinesiology en_US University of Regina en Faculty of Kinesiology and Health Studies en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Candow, Darren
dc.contributor.committeemember Dorsch, Kim
dc.contributor.externalexaminer Butcher, Scott
dc.identifier.tcnumber TC-SRU-3555

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