Mediating the numbered treaties: eyewitness accounts of treaties between the Crown and Indigenous Peoples, 1871-1876.

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dc.contributor.advisor Wheeler, Winona
dc.contributor.author Krasowski, Sheldon Kirk
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-01T19:39:25Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-01T19:39:25Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10294/3575
dc.description iv, 299 p. en_US
dc.description.abstract This thesis looks at the historical period of treaty-making in Western Canada when six numbered treaties were negotiated between Canada and the Anishnabeg, Cree, Saulteaux, and Assiniboine Nations between 1871 and 1876. The main interpretation of treaty-making during this period is that the treaty commissioners and Indigenous leadership experienced “cultural misunderstandings” and that Euro-Canadian witnesses to treaty did not understand the treaty relationship. As a result, most of the eyewitness accounts by Euro-Canadian fur traders, missionaries, journalists, settlers and government representatives have been ignored by historians. This thesis argues against cultural misunderstandings and shows that Euro-Canadian negotiators and eyewitnesses clearly understood the roles and responsibilities in the treaty relationship. Violations of treaty did occur as new settlers moved into treaty territory and government representatives became more concerned about financial restrictions than the promises made during the negotiations. However, during the treaty-making period, Euro-Canadians understood their obligations under the treaty relationship. This thesis analyzes previously underutilized primary documents and re-evaluates standard sources on the numbered treaties to show that during the treaty-making period, Euro-Canadians understood the expectations of Indigenous peoples in the treaty relationship. en_US
dc.description.uri A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, University of Regina. iv, 299 l. : map en
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research, University of Regina en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Indians of North America--Prairie Provinces--Treaties--History--19th century
dc.subject.lcsh Indians of North America--Prairie Provinces--Treaties--History--19th century--Sources
dc.subject.lcsh Indians of North America--Prairie Provinces--Treaties--History--19th century--Personal narratives
dc.subject.lcsh Indians of North America--Prairie Provinces--Government relations--History--19th century--Sources
dc.title Mediating the numbered treaties: eyewitness accounts of treaties between the Crown and Indigenous Peoples, 1871-1876. en_US
dc.type Thesis en
dc.description.authorstatus Student en
dc.description.peerreview yes en
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) en_US
thesis.degree.level Doctoral en
thesis.degree.discipline History en_US
thesis.degree.grantor University of Regina en
thesis.degree.department Department of History en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Brennan, William
dc.contributor.committeemember Pitsula, James, M.
dc.contributor.committeemember Stonechild, Blair
dc.contributor.externalexaminer Coates, Ken


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