An Examination of Misconduct in Canadian Prisons
Alhijili, Ahmad Saleem
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This thesis examines the relationships between inmate characteristics and prison misconduct in Canadian penitentiaries using prison data collected from 18,075 inmates admitted to the Correctional Service of Canada (CSC) between January 1, 2006 and August 31, 2009. In a test of importation theory, this research examines the relationships between minor and major prison misconduct and the following individual-level characteristics: gender, age, race, conviction for a violent offence and gang membership, controlling for prior incarceration, need, risk and prison placement (level of security). In order to carry out this research, a series of logistic regression analyses were estimated. Consistent with prior misconduct research all of the variables of interest were statistically significant predictors of prison rule violation with the exception of the ethno-cultural status of the inmates. The findings from this study support the importation proposition, suggesting that an offender’s characteristics are significantly associated with rulebreaking behaviour in Canadian federal prisons. Keywords: prison misconduct, prison adjustment, violent offenders, gang membership, institutional misconduct.