Experiences of Black African Formal Caregivers to Older Adults: A Qualitative Study
Obasi, Ebere Zepherinus
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This qualitative study explored the experiences of Black African formal caregivers to older adults in Saskatchewan. A purposeful sample of 20 participants from the Black African formal caregiving population was accrued from within Saskatchewan. Using qualitative descriptive approach by Sandelowski (2000, 2010) that included face-to-face interviews, the experiences of Black African formal caregivers in Saskatchewan were explored. Five themes emerged from the data including core values and fundamentals of care provided to older adults by Black African formal caregivers, provision of basic care to older adults, ancillary care, the impact of older adults with dementia on Black African formal caregivers, and challenges experienced by Black African formal caregivers. The findings revealed the participants thought caring for older adults was challenging and rewarding. The participants faced challenges especially from residents with dementia. Participants were passionate, patient, empathetic, resilient, responsible, enduring, and these qualities enabled them to deliver safe and efficient care to older adults. Religion was found to have a positive impact on the caregiving roles of the participants. It served as a coping mechanism for participants especially during challenging caregiving moments. The study contributed to the knowledge base about caring for older adults in Canada. Recommendations for policy and practice and offered suggestions for further research are noted. Keywords: Caregivers, Black African formal caregivers, experience, older adults, dementia, religion.