Agent-Based Household Energy Consumption Model for the City of Regina
Lee, Su Jin
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The Regina household energy consumption model is designed to estimate residential energy consumption for the city of Regina using agent-based technology. The impact of social and economic factors on the levels of energy consumption has been taken into account. It is built on Complexity & Organized Behaviour Within Environmental Bounds (COBWEB) technology, which is a platform design for multi-agent simulation. COBWEB was developed to study agent adaptation to environmental variability and change. The Regina household energy consumption model uses COBWEB’s agent technology to represent the households and people within the households of the city of Regina in 2003. Each household agent and each human agent in the household behaves based on its own strategy. The model explores the behaviours of agents, which represent demographic change and household energy consumption adapted to a complex environment. The annual residential energy consumption of 8.869 PJ was found to be within 3% of the SHEU 2003 estimate and within 5% of the REUM estimate for the city of Regina, an acceptable level of agreement. The Regina household energy consumption model, which integrates agent-based technology, is proposed as a new approach to estimate the energy consumption of the city of Regina.