Canadian Public Safety Personnel (PSP) and Occupational Stressors: How PSP Interpret Stressors on Duty

dc.contributor.authorRicciardelli, Rosemary
dc.contributor.authorCzarnuch, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorCarleton, R. Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorGacek, James
dc.contributor.authorShewmake, James
dc.description© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
dc.description.abstractCanadian public safety personnel (e.g., correctional workers, firefighters) experience potential stressors as a function of their occupation. Occupational stressors can include organizational (e.g., job context) and operational (e.g., job content) elements. Operational stressors (e.g., exposures to potentially psychologically traumatic events) may be inevitable, but opportunities may exist to mitigate other occupational stressors for public safety personnel. Research exploring the diverse forms of stress among public safety personnel remains sparse. In our current qualitative study we provide insights into how public safety personnel interpret occupational stressors. We use a semi-grounded thematic approach to analyze what public safety personnel reported when asked to further comment on occupational stress or their work experiences in two open-ended comment fields of an online survey. We provide a more comprehensive understanding of how public safety personnel experience occupational stress and the stressors that are unique to their occupations. Beyond known operational stressors, our respondents (n = 1238; n = 828) reported substantial difficulties with organizational (interpersonal work relationship dynamics; workload distribution, resources, and administrative obligations) and operational (vigilance, work location, interacting with the public) stressors. Some operational stressors are inevitable, but other occupational stressors can be mitigated to better support our public safety personnel.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: R. Nicholas Carleton’s research is supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) through a New Investigator Award (FRN: 13666). This research was funded in part by the Ministry of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness through the Policy Development Contribution Program and a CIHR Catalyst Granten_US
dc.identifier.citationRicciardelli, R., Czarnuch, S., Carleton, R. N., Gacek, J., & Shewmake, J. (2020). Canadian Public Safety Personnel (PSP) and Occupational Stressors: How PSP Interpret Stressors on Duty. International Journal of Environmental Research and Health Policy, 20, 4736.
dc.publisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Instituteen_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.subjectpublic safety personnelen_US
dc.subjectoccupational stressen_US
dc.subjectorganizational stressen_US
dc.subjectoperational stressen_US
dc.titleCanadian Public Safety Personnel (PSP) and Occupational Stressors: How PSP Interpret Stressors on Dutyen_US
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